Dating english silver plate official dating

inserting into a large piece a small disk bearing marks from an article on which a low tax had been paid).Special temporary hallmarks are adopted to commemorate special events and anniversaries.A special duty mark (Hibernia) was used in Dublin from 1730 to 1806.

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A special Assay Office mark was introduced to be used in the addition to the annual date letter, while the "F" mark was omitted.

The word journeyman comes from the French word journe, which means a period of one day.

From July 15 1797, for nine months, the King's Head was duplicated owing to the Duty being doubled.

The "Duty Drawback" mark was used from December 1, 1784 to July 24, 1785 to claim back the duty when the item was exported.

From the end of the 12th century the craft of silversmith has been regulated in conformity with Royal Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament.

In England the craft was regulated by the Guild of Goldsmiths at London and in Ireland by the Guild of Dublin.

In Ireland, Dublin origin is deduced by the presence of the figure of the crowned harp and Hibernia. XX which introduced this standard reads as follows: "It is ordained, that no Goldsmith of England, nor none otherwhere within the King's Dominions, shall from henceforth....... The 925/1000 (sterling) silver fineness is certified in London and other British Assay Offices by the use of the "lion passant" mark.

Since the 14th century the standard for silver in England was set at 11 ounces and two pennyweights in the Troy pound (925 parts in 1000), it was related to money and as far as wrought plate was concerned it had to be as good as money. For a short period (1696-1720) the standard was elevated to 958.4/1000 and the "Britannia" mark replaced the "lion passant".

These are the links to the date letters tables of main Assay Offices: London Birmingham Sheffield Chester Dublin Edinburgh Glasgow In early times the maker's mark was constituted by a symbol but from the 15th century the mark was formed by silversmith's name and surname initials.

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