Child victimization maltreatment bullying and dating violence prevention and intervention Fre chate room grany gratuit
1992; Feldman and Meyer 2007; Morris and Balsam 2003).For example, approximately 50 % of gay and bisexual African American and Latino men reported childhood sexual abuse compared to 32 % of White gay and bisexual men (Doll et al. Important racial and ethnic differences in family and community norms, attitudes, and values (e.g., centrality of religion and the church, importance of fulfilling familial roles and obligations, gender role expectations, definitions of masculinity and femininity) might help explain these potentially higher rates of childhood abuse among sexual minority youth of color (Brooks et al. In addition to child maltreatment, certain individual-level characteristics (i.e., age, gender, sexual orientation, genderrole conformity, and sexuality disclosure) are associated with bullying victimization among sexual minority youth. In addition to age, research suggests that gay and bisexual males are more at risk of becoming bullied than their lesbian and bisexual female counterparts (D’Augelli et al. Furthermore, bisexual and questioning youth were more likely to report being bullied than their gay, lesbian, and heterosexual peers (Birkett et al. Sexual minority youth who are more gender-role conforming report lower frequencies of being bullied compared to their less gender-role conforming counterparts (Friedman et al. Finally, sexual minority youth with higher levels of sexuality disclosure are also more likely to be victimized than their less Bout^ counterparts (Diamond and Lucas 2004).
Auslander 4 # Springer International Publishing 2016 Abstract Child maltreatment and bullying victimization disproportionately affect sexual minority youth.
Utilizing a community-based sample of sexual minority youth (N = 125, 15–19 y/o), this study provides estimates of child maltreatment and bullying victimization, identifies their associations, and explores psychological distress as a potential mediator. The burden of child maltreatment is not equally distributed across all adolescent populations, with sexual minority youth (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer, and questioning) at significantly greater risk than their heterosexual counterparts (Balsam et al. 2005), a limited number of studies have examined the relationship between child maltreatment and adolescent revictimization.
The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board at a major Midwestern research university.
Due to the risks associated with sexuality disclosure to parents (Mustanski 2011), we received a parental waiver of consent.
We did not gather any identifying data that could be used for data triangulation (e.g., zip code, county, school name) to further protect the participants’ confidentiality.
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development issued the study a Certificate of Confidentiality.
Addressing psychological distress holds the potential to prevent or reduce verbal bullying victimization by improving social functioning. This line of research is vital, as child maltreatment is an important risk factor for bullying victimization. Bisexual females, for example have the highest prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (40.4 %) followed by lesbians (32.1 %), bisexual males (24.5 %), gay males (21.2 %), heterosexual females (16.9 %), and heterosexual males (4.6 %; Friedman et al. Similarly, bisexual females (33.4 %) reported higher rates of childhood physical abuse in comparison to lesbians (31.2 %), bisexual males (24.2 %), gay males (18.5 %), heterosexual females (18.4 %), and heterosexual males (11.4 %; Friedman et al. These findings suggest gender and sexual orientation are potential risk factors for childhood sexual and physical abuse. Scholars have suggested sexuality disclosure to caregivers and gender role non-conformity may increase the risk for child maltreatment for sexual minority youth (Austin et al. Unfortunately, more theory development and research are needed to identify the risk factors unique to a bisexual orientation that might explain their potentially higher rates of child maltreatment.
In a nationwide study conducted by the CDC, approximately 20 % of high school students reported being victimized at school and 16 % reported experiencing electronic bullying (Eaton et al. In contrast, the extant literature has consistently found sexual minority youth experience substantially higher rates of verbal (75 to 98 %), relational (76 to 86 %), electronic (55 to 62 %), and physical (22 to 38 %) bullying victimization in comparison to their non-sexual minority peers (Birkett et al. This is consistent with prior research with heterosexual samples indicating girls, in general, are at greater risk for childhood sexual abuse in comparison to boys (Barth et al. Similarly, a bisexual orientation has also been found in previous studies to be a risk factor for bullying victimization, substance misuse, and suicidality (D’Augelli et al. In addition to gender and sexual orientation, race and ethnicity also play a notable role in child maltreatment, with lesbian, gay, and bisexual men and women of color reporting higher rates of physical and sexual abuse than their White counterparts (Doll et al.
Procedures Staff members at the two partnering organizations assisted us in recruiting participants by making announcements and distributing flyers at youth-oriented meetings and events.
They also informed youth of the study via social media.
This training is available only from a provider approved by the New York State Education Department.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating